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U.S. Senate election, 2004

From dKosopedia

Results -- light red represents Republican holds, dark red Republican pickups, light blue Democratic holds, dark blue Democratic pickups.
Results -- light red represents Republican holds, dark red Republican pickups, light blue Democratic holds, dark blue Democratic pickups.

The U.S. Senate election, 2004 was an election for the United States Senate which coincided with the re-election of George W. Bush as president and the U.S. House election, as well as many state and local elections.


Major parties

The Senate, as of the pre-election 108th Congress, was composed of 51 Republicans, 48 Democrats, and 1 independent. (The independent, Jim Jeffords of Vermont, is allied with the Democratic caucus and has voted with Democrats to give them the majority in the past.) The Democrats, therefore, needed to make a net gain of at least two seats from retiring or incumbent Republicans to gain control of the Senate. In the election, incumbent senators won reelection in all races but one (Democratic leader Tom Daschle, in South Dakota, lost to Republican John Thune). The seats of retiring senators were taken by the opposing party in Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, North Carolina, and South Carolina. In fact, the only retiring senator whose seat was taken by a member of his party was Republican Don Nickles of Oklahoma, who was succeeded by Tom Coburn.

Republicans gained four seats in the 2004 elections, and entered the 109th Congress with a 55-44-1 lead. While such a majority is formidable, it is still less than the 60 seats needed to override a filibuster and completely control the body's agenda and procedures.

108th Congress Senate Composition   109th Congress Senate Composition
Color Key: Republicans Democrats Independent

Third and minor parties

The Libertarian, Constitution, and Green parties contested many of the seats. No candidate from any of these parties received significant support, but some may have affected the outcome of the Alaska and Florida races by drawing votes away from the major party candidates. Of the 34 senate seats up for grabs, the Libertarians ran candidates in 20 of the races, the Constitutions ran 10 candidates, and the Greens ran 7 candidates.

Minor parties in a number of states contested one or more Senate seats. Examples include the America First Party, the Labor Party, the Peace and Freedom Party, and the Socialist Workers Party. None of these parties gained a seat in this election nor received a significant number of votes.

Close races

Close Republican seats

One Republican seat, that of retiring Senator Peter Fitzgerald in Illinois, was easily taken by Democrat Barack Obama. In Colorado, retiring Senator Ben Nighthorse Campbell's seat was narrowly taken by Democrat Ken Salazar. In Alaska, Republican Lisa Murkowski won reelection in a tight race. In Oklahoma, Tom Coburn kept Don Nickles' seat in Republican hands, while in Kentucky, the ailing Republican Jim Bunning won a second term by a very narrow margin.

Close Democratic seats

The Democrats' prospects were weakened by the fact that five of their six incumbent Senators in Southern states were retiring (the sixth, Blanche Lincoln of Arkansas, easily won reelection). Retiring Georgia Sen. Zell Miller's seat, contested by Denise Majette, was lost in a landslide, as was that of South Carolina Sen. Ernest Hollings. In North Carolina, Democrat Erskine Bowles lost John Edwards's seat to Republican Richard Burr. Especially close races, in Florida, Louisiana, and South Dakota, all resulted in turnovers to the Republicans.

Senate contests in 2004

State Incumbent Party Status Outcome
Alabama Richard C. Shelby Republican Re-elected to 4th term Richard Shelby (R) 64%
Wayne Sowell (D) 36%
Alaska Lisa Murkowski Republican Elected to 1st full term Lisa Murkowski (R) 49%
Tony Knowles (D) 46%
Marc Millican (I) 3%
Jerry Sanders (AI) 1%
Jim Sykes (G) 1%
Scott Kohlhaas (L) 0%
Ted Gianoutsos (I) 0%
Arizona John S. McCain III Republican Re-elected to 4th term John McCain (R) 76%
Stuart Starky (D) 21%
Ernest Hancock (L) 3%
Arkansas Blanche L. Lincoln Democrat Re-elected to 2nd term Blanche Lincoln (D) 56%
Jim Holt (R) 44%
California Barbara L. Boxer Democrat Re-elected to 3rd term Barbara Boxer (D) 58%
Bill Jones (R) 38%
Marsha Feinland (PFP) 2%
James Gray (L) 2%
Don Grundmann (C) 1%
Colorado Ben Nighthorse Campbell Republican Retired Ken Salazar (D) 51%
Pete Coors (R) 47%
Doug Cambell (C) 1%
Richard Randall (L) 0%
John Harris (I) 0%
Victor Good (Ref) 0%
Finn Gotaas (I) 0%
Connecticut Christopher J. Dodd Democrat Re-elected to 5th term Christopher Dodd (D) 66%
Jack Orchulli (R) 32%
Timothy Knibbs (C) 1%
Lenny Rasch (L) 1%
Florida D. Robert Graham Democrat Retired Melquiades Martinez (R) 50%
Betty Castor (D) 48%
Dennis Bradley (V) 2%
Georgia Zell B. Miller Democrat Retired Johnny Isakson (R) 59%
Denise Majette (D) 39%
Allen Buckley (L) 2%
Hawaii Daniel K. Inouye Democrat Re-elected to 8th term Daniel Inouye (D) 76%
Campbell Cavasso (R) 21%
Jim Brewer (I) 2%
Lloyd Mallan (L) 1%
Idaho Michael D. Crapo Republican Re-elected to 2nd term Mike Crapo (R) 99%
Write-in for Scott McClure (D) 1%
Illinois Peter G. Fitzgerald Republican Retired Barack Obama (D) 70%
Alan Keyes (R) 27%
Albert Franzen (I) 2%
Jerry Kohn (L) 1%
Indiana B. Evans "Evan" Bayh III Democrat Re-elected to 2nd term Evan Bayh (D) 62%
Marvin Scott (R) 37%
Albert Barger (L) 1%
Iowa Charles E. Grassley Republican Re-elected to 5th term Charles Grassley (R) 70%
Arthur Small (D) 28%
Christy Welty (L) 1%
Daryl Northrop (G) 1%
Edwin Fruit (SW) 0%
Kansas Samuel D. Brownback Republican Re-elected to 2nd term Sam Brownback (R) 69%
Lee Jones (D) 28%
Stephen A. Rosile (L) 2%
George Cook (Ref) 1%
Kentucky James P. Bunning Republican Re-elected to 2nd term Jim Bunning (R) 51%
Daniel Mongiardo (D) 49%
Louisiana John B. Breaux Democrat Retired David Vitter (R) 51%
Chris John (D) 29%
John Kennedy (D) 15%
Arthur Morrell (D) 2%
Richard Fontanesi (I) 1%
R.A. Galan (I) 1%
Sam Melton (D) 1%
Maryland Barbara A. Mikulski Democrat Re-elected to 4th term Barbara Mikulski (D) 65%
Edward Pipkin (R) 34%
Maria Allwine (G) 1%
Thomas Trump (C) 0%
Missouri Christopher S. "Kit" Bond Republican Re-elected to 4th term Kit Bond (R) 56%
Nancy Farmer (D) 43%
Kevin Tull (L) 1%
Don Griffin (C) 0%
Nevada Harry M. Reid Democrat Re-elected to 4th term Harry Reid (D) 61%
Richard Ziser (R) 35%
None of These 2%
Tomas Hurst (L) 1%
David Schumann (C) 1%
Gary Marinch (NL) 0%
New Hampshire Judd A. Gregg Republican Re-elected to 3rd term Judd Gregg (R) 66%
Doris Haddock (D) 34%
New York Charles E. Schumer Democrat Re-elected to 2nd term Charles Schumer (D) 71%
Howard Mills (R) 25%
Marilyn O'Grady (CNY) 3%
David McReynolds (G) 1%
Abe Hirschfeld (B) 0%
Donald Silberger (L) 0%
Martin Koppel (SW) 0%
North Carolina John R. Edwards Democrat Retired Richard Burr (R) 52%
Erskine Bowles (D) 47%
Tom Bailey (L) 1%
North Dakota Byron L. Dorgan Democratic-NPL Re-elected to 3rd term Byron Dorgan (D) 68%
Mike Liffrig (R) 32%
Ohio George V. Voinovich Republican Re-elected to 2nd term George Voinovich (R) 64%
Eric Fingerhut (D) 36%
Oklahoma Donald L. Nickles Republican Retired Tom Coburn (R) 53%
Brad Carson (D) 41%
Sheila Bilyeu (I) 6%
Oregon Ronald L. Wyden Democrat Re-elected to 2nd term Ron Wyden (D) 64%
Al King (R) 31%
Teresa Keane (PG) 2%
Dan Fitzgerald (L) 2%
David Brownlow (C) 1%
Pennsylvania Arlen Specter Republican Re-elected to 5th term Arlen Specter (R) 53%
Joe Hoeffel (D) 42%
Jim Clymer (C) 4%
Betsy Summers (L) 1%
South Carolina Ernest F. "Fritz" Hollings Democrat Retired Jim DeMint (R) 54%
Inez Tenenbaum (D) 44%
Patrick Tyndall (C) 1%
Rebekah Sutherland (L) 1%
Tee Ferguson (UC) 0%
Efia Nwangaza (G) 0%
South Dakota Thomas A. Daschle Democrat Defeated after 3rd term John Thune (R) 51%
Tom Daschle (D) 49%
Utah Robert F. Bennett Republican Re-elected to 3rd term Robert Bennett (R) 68%
Paul Van Dam (D) 29%
Gary R. Van Horn (C) 2%
Joe Labonte (PC) 1%
Vermont Patrick J. Leahy Democrat Re-elected to 6th term Patrick Leahy (D) 71%
Jack McMullen (R) 25%
Cris Ericson (M) 2%
Craig Hill (G) 1%
Keith Stern (I) 1%
Ben Mitchell (LU) 0%
Washington Patricia Murray Democrat Re-elected to 3rd term Patty Murray (D) 55%
George Nethercutt (R) 43%
J. Mills (L) 1%
Mark Wilson (G) 1%
Wisconsin Russell D. Feingold Democrat Re-elected to 3rd term Russ Feingold (D) 56%
Tim Michels (R) 44%
Arif Khan (L) 0%
Eugene Hem (I) 0%

Party abbreviations

AI Alaskan Independence
B Builders
C Constitution
CNY New York Conservative
D Democratic
G Green
I (none)
L Libertarian
LU Liberty Union
M Marijuana
NL Natural Law
PC Personal Choice
PFP Peace and Freedom
PG Pacific Green
R Republican
Ref Reform
SW Socialist Workers
UC United Citizens
V Veterans

Related articles


External link

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This page was last modified 03:49, 25 June 2006 by Chad Lupkes. Based on work by dKosopedia user(s) Allamakee Democrat and Lestatdelc. Content is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License.

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