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The 28th U.S. House of Representatives District in Texas was redrawn by a Republican legislative majority in the Texas Legislature in a gerrymander after 2003 that moved 100,000 Hispanic voters in Laredo from the 23rd District to the 28th.

On June 28, 2006, the Supreme Court in, League of United Latin American Citizens et al. v. Perry, Governor of Texas, et al., ruled that this district violated the Voting Rights Act, and consequently, has been sent down to the lower courts for remediation. see Key SCOTUS decisions. On August 4 a 3 judge federal panel partially redrew the Texas U.S. House district map by adding parts of Bexar County, which includes San Antonio, to the 23rd District, moving Kerr, Kendall, Bandera and Real Counties into the 21st District, represented by Lamar Smith of San Antonio, a Republican and adding Webb County in the 28th District. "These changes restore Latino voting strength to District 23 without dividing communities of interest," said the judges, Lee H. Rosenthal, T. John Ward and Patrick E. Higginbotham of Federal District Court. Rosenthal and Higginbotham were appointed by Republican presidents while Ward was appointed by Democratic President Bill Clinton. Source: n.a. "Judges Redo Texas District, and Democrats May Gain." Associated Press August 4, 2006 and New York Times. August 5, 2006. UPDATED MAP HERE. ([1])



2006 general election

  • Henry Cuellar (D): 52,339 68% (hw) (cw)
  • Frank Enriquez (D): 15,531 20% cw
  • Ron Avery (Constitution): 9,458 12% cw

2006 Democratiic Party primary election

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Note: Texas redrew its districts after the 2000 census, for the 108th Congress and again in 2003 for the 109th Congress (see 2003 Texas redistricting). This list and map reflect the most recent (109th Congress) redistricting.


  • Linda Greenhouse. "Justices Express Concern Over Aspects of Some Texas Redistricting." The New York Times. March 2, 2006. P. A20.

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