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Romania is a country in the Balkans bordering Ukraine to the north, Moldova to the northeast, Hungary to the west, Bulgaria to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. A member of NATO since 2004, Romania signed the European Union Accession Treaty in early 2005 and it formally joined the European Union on January 1, 2007.


Current Politics

Recent polling data indicate that the ruling Alliance for Justice and Truth (DA) remains popular.

Survey Question: What party would you support in Romania’s parliamentary election?

Alliance for Justice and Truth (DA) (National Liberal Party (PNL) & Democratic Party (PD))

  • Nov. 2005: 42%
  • Oct. 2005: 44%

Social Democratic Party (PSD)

  • Nov. 2005: 28%
  • Oct. 2005: 31%

Party of Great Romania (PRM)

  • Nov. 2005: 16%
  • Oct. 2005: 11%

Hungarian Democratic Alliance of Romania (UDMR)

  • Nov. 2005: 5%
  • Oct. 2005: 5%

Conservative Party (PC)

  • Nov. 2005: 3%
  • Oct. 2005: 3%

Democratic National Peasant Party (PNTCD)

  • Nov. 2005: 2%
  • Oct. 2005: 1%

New Generation Party (PNG)

  • Nov. 2005: 2%
  • Oct. 2005: 2%

National Initiative Party (PIN)

  • Nov. 2005: 1%
  • Oct. 2005: 1%

Other parties

  • Nov. 2005: 1%
  • Oct. 2005: 2%

Source: "Alliance Leads, PRM Surges in Romania." Argus Reid Consultants. December 11, 2005. Centre for Urban and Regional Sociology (CURS). Methodology: Face-to-face interviews with 1,230 Romanian adults, conducted from Nov. 26 to Dec. 1, 2005. The margin of error is 2.8%.

Political History

Subnational Units of Government

Romania is divided into 41 judeţe, usually translated as "counties," and the municipality of Bucharest Bucureşti.

Human Rights Issues

  • The Swedish Migration Board granted political asylum to Romanian national Gregorian Bivolaru, a yoga instructor who leads the Movement for the Spiritual Integration into the Absolute (MISA). The Swedish Supreme Court had earlier approved the refusal of the Swedish government to extradite Bivolaru because his prosecution appeared the result of religious persecution. Some of the "facts" supporting the Romanian request for extradition were merely accusations leveled at him in the Romanian parliament. Source: Teresa Kuchler. "Sweden Grants Asylum to Citizen from EU Candidate Romania." EUObserver. January 12, 2006.
  • Mihail Kogalniceaneu Airbase is widely suspected to have served as a secret CIA transit prison for persons kidnapped in extraordinary renditions. See the Secret Prisons Timeline.

Further Reading

In Evangelical Kitsch Culture

  • Romania is the birthplace of the fictional Nicolae Carpathia in the Left Behind Books.
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