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Maine became 23rd state to be admitted to the union on March 15, 1820 as part of the Missouri Compromise. Maine's original capital was Portland until 1832, when it was moved to the more geographically central city of Augusta. Maine's largest city is Portland.

Demographically, according to the 2000 census Maine has a population of 1,274,923, ranking it 40th among the states. Maine's population density is 15.95/km², the most sparsely populated state east of the Mississippi River.


  • Maine leads in production of low-bush blueberries.
  • Maine is one of the world's largest pulp-paper producers.
  • Maine leads the world in flat tin sardine production.
  • Maine landed an estimated 53 million pounds of lobster in 2000.
  • Maine is known for naval shipbuilding and construction, with Bath Iron Works in Bath and Portsmouth Naval Yard in Kittery.

Environmentally, a case involving the authority of the state government of Maine to regulate the Saccarappa, Mallison Falls, Little Falls, Gambo and Dundee hydro power planets on the Presumpscot River was argued before the U.S. Supreme Court on February 21, 2006.


Voting Behavior

Maine has voted Democratic in the last five presidential elections, casting its votes for Bill Clinton twice, Al Gore in 2000 and John Kerry (with 53.6% of the vote) in 2004 and Barack Obama in 2008. Republican strength is greatest in Washington and Piscataquis counties. Tellingly, John McCain won only Piscataquis County, and of the others, only Washington County gave Barack Obama less than 50% of the vote but still a plurality.

  • 2008 Presidential: Obama (D) 57.7%, McCain (R) 40.4%
  • 2004 Presidential: Kerry (D) 53.4%, Bush (R) 44.6%
  • 2000 Presidential: Gore (D) 49.4, Bush (R) 44.0%, Nader (I) 5.7%
  • 1996 Presidential: Clinton (D) 51.6%, Dole (R) 30.8%, Perot (I) 14.2%
  • 1992 Presidential: Clinton (D) 38.8%, Bush (R) 30.4%, Perot (I) 30.4%

Maine allots its electoral votes not on a winner-take-all system as do all other states except Nebraska, but instead as Nebraska does, giving two electoral votes to the statewide winner and one each to the winner in each Congressional district. Although Maine leans nearly as Democratic as Nebraska leans Republican, the congressional districts of Maine are more similar to each other in voting habits than are the three Congressional districts of Nebraska. It would be very unlikely that in any election in the foreseeable future that the two districts of Maine would vote for two different Presidential nominees.

Maine's U.S. Congressional delegation

Maine State Government

  • Democratic Party of Maine

Maine County Governments

  • Local Government (State of Maine)
  • Maine Quick Facts: Counties (U.S. Census Bureau)
  • Clickable map to county websites (Maine County Government)
  • Maine Counties (Home Town Locator)

Maine Elections

Further Reading

  • Matthew C. Moen, Kenneth Palmer, and Richard J. Powell. 2005. Changing Members: The Maine Legislature in the Era of Term Limits. Lexington Books. ISBN 0739109308.
  • n.a. "Party Time in Maine Politics." Kennebec Journal. March 12, 2006.



See also

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