International Criminal Court

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The International Criminal Court exists to hold accountable perpetrators of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity when nations with jurisdiction can't or won't investigate and prosecute. The ICC operates under its founding treaty, the Rome Statute.

Jurisdiction over the crimes flows from ratifying states inviting ICC jurisdiction to extend over their territory and their nationals. The ICC also can try the crime of aggression if the states that are party to the Rome Statute agree on a definition.

For a current list of countries that have ratified the Rome Statute see the Coalition for the International Criminal Court.

The US is not party to the ICC or the Rome Statute. To learn about US domestic politics and the ICC see USA for ICC. The International Court of Justice is a separate body established under the United Nations Charter.

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