Immigration

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Wikipedia: Immigration is the movement of human population, other than temporary movements such as those of casual visitors or travellers, across national borders. Therefore, immigration is only as old as the nation state. Immigration policies regulate the movement of people into and out of a country.

When talking about immigration policies, it is helpful to be aware of two dichotomies: temporary vs permanent; documented vs undocumented. The following matrix may help:

  temporary migrants permanent migrants
documented
migrants
temporary workers; students; other nonimmigrants immigrants (aka LPRs)
undocumented
migrants
asylum seekers refugees; "illegal immigrants"

Contents

Law

In the United States, immigration laws are contained in the Immigration And Nationalty Act (INA).

  • LPR: Lawful Permanent Resident; someone admitted as an immigrant to the United States persuant to sec. 204 of the INA.

Responsibility

Until the creation of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Department of Justice's Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) was the one-stop department for immigration issues. Today most of the administrative and enforcement functions have been transfered to DHS but the administrative judicial system remains under the Department of Justice.

Positions

  • Open Borders
  • Reform
  • Crack-down
  • Closed Borders
  • Migration Union (eg. European Union)

Trivia

As of the year 2000, 175 million people lived in a country other than the one in which they were born.

External Links

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