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Anglo-American history is divided into saeculum, or seasonal cycles of history, and divide the saecula into generations by birth year, and classify generations and historical periods into four types each. As history molds generations, so do generations mold history. Modern Anglo-American history runs on a two-stroke rhythm. The two strokes are an Awakening and a Crisis.

During an Awakening, rising adults are driven by inner zeal to become philosophers, religious pundits, and hippies, alienating children (who see the adult world becoming more chaotic each day) and older generations alike. Civil order comes under attack from a new values regime.

A Crisis is a decisive era of saecular upheaval. The values regime propels the replacement of the old civic order with a new one. Wars are waged with apocalyptic finality.

A High is an era between a Crisis and an Awakening, and an Unraveling is an era between an Awakening and a Crisis.

The four types of generations are as follows:

  • A Prophet (or Idealist) generation is born during a High, spends its rising adult years during an Awakening, spends midlife during an Unraveling, and spends old age in a Crisis. Prophetic leaders have been cerebral and principled, summoners of human sacrifice, wagers of righteous wars. Early in life, few saw combat in uniform; late in life, most come to be revered as much for their words as for their deeds.
  • A Nomad (or Reactive) generation is born during an Awakening, spends its rising adult years during an Unraveling, spends midlife during a Crisis, and spends old age in a new High. Nomadic leaders have been cunning, hard-to-fool realists, taciturn warriors who prefer to meet problems and adversaries one-on-one.
  • A Hero (or Civic) generation is born during an Unraveling, spends its rising adult years during a Crisis, spends midlife during a High, and spends old age in an Awakening. Heroic leaders have been vigorous and rational institution-builders, busy and competent in old age. All of them entering midlife were aggressive advocates of technological progress, economic prosperity, social harmony, and public optimism.
  • An Artist (or Adaptive) generation is born during a Crisis, spends its rising adult years in a new High, spends midlife in an Awakening, and spends old age in an Unraveling. Artistic leaders have been advocates of fairness and the politics of inclusion, irrepressible in the wake of failure.

The list of generations and their types is as follows:

GENERATION                                     TYPE           BIRTH YEARS                                    
Late Medieval Saeculum:
Reformation Saeculum:
New World Saeculum:
Revolutionary Saeculum:
Civil War Saeculum:
Great Power Saeculum:
Millennial Saeculum:
Baby boomerProphet1943-1960
Generation XNomad1961-1981
Millennial GenerationHero1982-2003
Homeland GenerationArtist2004-2025?

There is no universally accepted name for the Homeland Generation. This generation is also referred to as Generation Z (when it is referred to at all). The name Homeland Generation is used to convey the atmosphere of the United States as a homeland following the September 11, 2001 attacks. A person born in that generation could not expect to have any first-hand memory of the attacks and the world before it. Because nothing but speculation is known about this generation, all names are tentative.

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