Director of Central Intelligence

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In the United States, the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (DCIA) serves within the Office of the Director of the National Intelligence (ODNI) as the head of the Central Intelligence Agency.

Before April 21, 2005, the Director headed both the Intelligence Community and the Central Intelligence Agency as the Director of Central Intelligence. In addition he served as an advisor to the President of the United States on intelligence matters and was the statutory intelligence advisor to the National Security Council. The new United States Director of National Intelligence took on the roles as head of the Intelligence Community and senior intelligence advisor to the President and the NSC.

The Director is assisted by the National Intelligence Council, the National Counterintelligence Executive, and his various Assistant and Deputy Directors, and is accountable to the Director of National Intelligence and the President.

The post was established in 1946 by President Truman; it thus predates the establishment of the C.I.A. After the end of World War II, the Office of Strategic Services was dismantled and its functions were split between the Departments of State and War (now Defense). President Truman soon recognized the inefficiency of this arrangement and created the Central Intelligence Group, which could be considered a smaller precursor to the National Security Council. The following year the National Security Act of 1947 created the Central Intelligence Agency and National Security Council, while formally defining the duties of the Director of Central Intelligence. The duties of the D.C.I. have been further defined over the years by tradition, congressional acts, and Executive Orders.

A list of Directors of the Central Intelligence Agency(in chronological order):

Director Tenure
Rear Adm. Sidney Souers, USNR January 23 1946 - June 10 1946
Lt. Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, USA June 10 1946 - May 1 1947
Rear Adm. Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter, USN May 1 1947 - October 7, 1950
Gen. Walter Bedell Smith, USA October 7 1950 - February 9 1953
Allen W. Dulles February 26, 1953 - November 29, 1961
John McCone November 29 1961 - April 28 1965
Vice Adm. William Raborn, USN (Ret.) April 28 1965 - June 30 1966
Richard M. Helms June 30 1966 - February 2 1973
James R. Schlesinger February 2, 1973 - July 2 1973
William E. Colby September 4 1973 - January 30 1976
George H. W. Bush January 30 1976 - January 20 1977
Adm. Stansfield Turner, USN (Ret.) March 9 1977 - January 20 1981
William J. Casey January 28 1981 - January 29 1987
William H. Webster May 26 1987 - August 31 1991
Robert M. Gates November 6 1991 - January 20 1993
R. James Woolsey</td> February 5 1993 - January 10 1995
John M. Deutch May 10 1995 - December 15 1996
George J. Tenet July 11 1997 - July 11, 2004 (resigned June 3, 2004)
John E. McLaughlin (acting director) July 11, 2004 - September 24, 2004
Porter J. Goss September 24, 2004 - May 5, 2006
Gen. Michael V. Hayden May 26, 2006 - Present.

Note: After April 21, 2005, the Director of the CIA is no longer the Director of the Intelligence Community, and thus is referred to as the Director of the CIA only.

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