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Chad or the République du Tchad, is a landlocked country in arid north Africa with a population of 9.8 million. The country gets its name from Lake Chad on the western side of the country. N'djamena, the capital city, is close to Lake Chad.



The country has been ruled by Pres. Idriss Déby since the then Defense Minister overthrew Hissene Habré in 1990. Habré had been Defense Minister when he seized power. After taking power Déby suspended the constitution and dissolved the legislature. A new constitution was written in 1994. Did Déby act like George Washington and retire from power after his terms in office? No.

On December 18, 2005 Chadian Communications Minister Hourmadji Moussa Doumgor said Sudan was "wholly responsible" for a raid on the eastern town of Adre by dissident Chadians seeking to oust Habré was launched from Sudan and that the raid was repulsed by the Chadian army. Source: "Chad Accuses Sudan After Clashes". BBC. December 18, 2005.

Chadian Ambassador to the Washington: Mahamoud Adam Bechir.

World Bank Controversy

New World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz, one of the principal authros of the disastrous Republican War in Iraq, suspended loans to Chad on January 6, 2006. Wolfowitz accused the Chadian government of President Idriss Deby of violating an agreement to spend 72% revenues from projects financed by the loans to reduce poverty. Celia W. Dugger. "World Bank Suspends Loans to Chad Over Use of Oil Money." The New York Times. January 7, 2006. A5.

Ethno-National Groups

  • Arabic speaking: 46%
  • Sara: 23%
  • Maba (Quaddai): 9.5%
  • Masa-Musgum-Tupuri-Mundang ("Kridi"): 5%
  • Teda (Tubu): 5%
  • Kanembu-Bulala: 2.3%



  • Victor T. Le Vine. 2004. Politics in Francophone Africa. Boulder: Lynne Rienner. ISBN 1588262499.
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