1985

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1984 1985 1986

Contents

Events

  • Bill Duvall and George Sessions publish Deep Ecology: Living As If Nature Mattered.
  • Environmental activist Dave Foreman publishes Ecodefense: A Field Guide to Monkeywrenching.
  • Dave Foreman publishes Ecodefense.
  • The Pressler Amendment, Section 620E(e) was added to the Foreign Assistance Act to reequire that the President certify to Congress that Pakistan does not possess a nuclear weapon. Since then nuclear non-proliferation was routinely sacrified to other foreign policy goals, especially after September 11, 2001. Now, only Iranian and maybe North Korean nuclear proliferation is considered a "no-no" in official Washington.
  • Washington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP) established.
  • Rioting between Pathans and Muhajirs in Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Briitsh Columbia Supreme Court Justice Thomas R. Berger issues report for the Inuit Circumpolar Conference on the consequences of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANSCA).
  • China's population is 1,058.51 million.


Timeline

January

  • January: Israel announces a 3 stage withdrawal from Lebanon.
  • January 18: U.S. Pres. Ronald Reagan signs National Security Decision Directive-159: Covert Action Policy Aproval and Coordination Procedures.

February

March

  • March 11: Mikhail Gorbachev becomes the last Premier of the Soviet Union.
  • March 27: Ronald Reagan signs National Security Decision Directive 166, increasing American covert activities in support of funadmentalist Islamic mujahideen fighting the Soviet Union in Afghanistan. Among those who benefit from this assistance is "freedom fighter" Osama bin Laden.
  • March: GNU Manifesto by Richard Stallman is published in Dr. Dobbs' Journal.
  • March 27: Pres. Ronald Reagan signs National Security Decision Directive-166: U.S. Policy, Programs, and Strategy in Afghanistan: massive flows of arms and money to the Afghani Islamists Mujahedin. See Blowback.

May

  • May: Amal and PLO militias fight in Lebanon.

June

  • June 14: Hijacking of TWA 847.

July

  • July 10: French secret agents plant bomb that sinks the Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior n Auckland harbour, New Zealand, killing photographer Fernando Pereira.

August

September

  • September 25: 3 Israeli agents in Cyprus killed.

October

  • October 1: Israeli aircraft bomb new PLO HQ in Tunis.
  • October 2: Middle America comes face-to-face with the AIDS epidemic as popular film star Rock Hudson dies from the disease.
  • October 15: Pres. Ronald Reagan signs National Security Decision Directive-289: Approval and Review of Specific Activities, mandating that all covert action be conducted pursuant to a Finding and banned retroactive Findings and requiring that al covert activities be conducted consistent with policy and applicable law.

November

December

  • December 16: Mafia bosses Paul Castellano and Thomas Bilotti "rubbed out" in front of Spark's Steak House.
  • December 24: Christian fundamentalist terrorist David Lewis Rice murders civil rights attorney Charles Goldmark, his wife and 2 children in Seattle, Washignton.
  • December 27: Dian Fossey found murdered in Rwanda.
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