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1963 1964 1965



  • Stanley Kubrick's Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb released.
  • Sidney Lumet's Fail Safe is released.
  • Dr. Timothy Leary is dismissed from Harvard.
  • U.S. Army begins using superhallucinogen BZ gas in Vietnam.
  • China's population is 704.99 million.
  • Future corrupt Congressman Randy "Duke" Cunningham receives his bachelor's degree from the University of Missouri.
  • Expat Missourian Robert A. Heinlein publishes The Moon is a Harsh Mistress.



  • January 8: U.S. Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson announces the War on Poverty.
  • January 9: Anti-U.S. rioting in the Panama Canal Zone leaves 21 Panamanians and three U.S. soldiers died.
  • January 10: Panama breaks ties with U.S. and demands revision of the canal treaty.
  • January 30: The 24th Amendment is added to the Constitution.


  • February: Japanese Finance Minister Tanaka Kakuei establishes the Pollution Prevention Service Corporation (Kogai Boshi Jigyodan) to subsidize private industry investment in pollution abatement.
  • February 12: Darwin Day
  • February 17: 18 French troops intervene in Gabon to rescue the president and restore him to power. French efficiency in action!


  • March: Malcolm X defects from the Nation of Islam.
  • March 13: Kitty Genovese is murdered in Queens, New York.


  • April 7: IBM announces the System/360 line of 24-bit mainframe computers. Today's IBM mainframes can still run software written for the System/360.
  • April 9: First Greater London Council election.


  • June: Malcolm X organizes the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
  • June 12: Anti-apartheid activist Nelson Mandela receives a life sentence for "sabotage" from a court in South Africa.
  • June 20: France formally withdraws from NATO, but it remains part of NATO by secret agreement.
  • June 20: General William Westmoreland (later nicknamed "Waste-More-land") becomes the new chief of U.S. forces in Vietnam.
  • June 23: Henry Cabot Lodge is replaced by Maxwell Taylor as U.S. envoy to South Vietnam.



  • August 2: Vietnamese forces may or may not have attacked the U.S. Destroyer (USS Maddox) in what is to become known as the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
  • August 4: LBJ orders retaliation with conventional weapons for the "attack" on August 2.
  • August 4: The bodies of civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, James Chaney and Andrew Goodman, are found near Philadelphia, Mississippi.
  • August 5: Secretary of Defense McNamara announced that the U.S. was rushing miltiary forces to Southeast Asia to reinforce its presence there.
  • August 5: First retaliatory U.S. air strikes against North Vietnam.
  • August 6: Gutsy Senator Wayne Morse denounces the Tonkin Gulf Resolution as a "predated declaration of war" and saying that the U.S. was the real "provacateur" in the event. Senator Morse and Senator Ernest Gruening of Alaska are the only Senators to vote against the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, which passes 88 to 2 in the U.S. Senate. The U.S. House of Representatives passes it 416 to 0.
  • August 7: The United States begins large scale military deployments in Vietnam.
  • August 7: Robert Kennedy announces that he is considering running for the U.S. Senate in New York.
  • February 10: U.S. Pres. Lyndon Baines Johnson signs the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
  • August 25: Joanne Whalley, future star of the 1989 film Scandal about the Profumo Affair, is born in Romiley, in Cheshire, England.


  • September 8: First Star Trek episode is broadcast.
  • September 14: University of California, Berkeley officials announce new policy prohibiting political action at the campus entrance at Bancroft Way and Telegraph.
  • September 30: Free Speech Movement at the University of California, Berkeley begins with a protest march by philosophy graduate student Mario Savio.


  • October 15: British General Election. Labour Party wins 319 seats (+59), Conservative Party wins 304 seats (-61) and Liberal Party wins 9 seats (+3).
  • October 16: China detonates "596", its first nuclear device, with a yield of 22Kt.


  • November 1: NLF attacks Bien Hoa airport at Saigon.
  • November 6: Victor Sorge is posthumously named a Hero of the Soviet Union.


  • December 9: Che Guevara is in New York City to speak at the United Nations, and then embarks on a three month visit to Africa.\
  • December 24: U.S. military headquarters in Saigon is bombed; 2 officers die.
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