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1904 1905 1906



  • Norway gains independence from Sweden.
  • Revolution in Persia (Iran) overthrows Qajar dynasty.
  • U.S. Forest Service is established as part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
  • Russian defeat in war with Japan triggers revolution. Czar Nicholas II issues October Manifesto establishing limited constitutional government, including a national legislature (Duma).
  • Industrial Workers of the World is founded in the United States.
  • First Moroccan Crisis.
  • Menelik II orders construction of the Menelik II School in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • U.S. Marines continue to occupy the Isthmus of Panama, which they will do until January 21, 1914.



  • January 2: Japanese General Nogi received a letter from Russian General Stoessel formally offering surrender, ending the 1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War.
  • January 3-8: 120,000 workers strike in St. Petersburg; government warns against organised marches.
  • January 9: Bloody Sunday in Russia as 150,000 striking workers and their families march through St. Petersburg to deliver a protest to the Tsar, but are fired on an atatcked by cavalrt.


  • February 2: Ayn Rand is born in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
  • February 4: Russian Grand-Duke Sergei Alexandrovich killed by Socialist Revolutionary assassin.


  • May 13: Mata Hari debuts in Paris.
  • May 16: Henry Fonda is born.


  • June 18: Massive strike in Odessa.


  • September: George Nathaniel Curzon (1st Marquess of...) resigns as Viceroy of the British Indian Empire.
  • September 1: Alberta and Saskatchewan join Canada.
  • September 23: Printers go on strike in Moscow; begin Russia's first General Strike.


  • October 30: Tsar Nicholas II grants first Russia's constitution.


  • December 24: Howard Hughes is born.
  • December 30: Idaho Governor Frank Steunenberg is killed by a bomb when the opened the gate of his home in Caldwell.


THE YEAR 1905 
This will boggle your mind, I know it did mine! 
The year is 1905. One hundred years ago. 
What a difference a century makes! 
Here are some of the U.S. statistics for the Year 1905 : 
      The average life expectancy in the U.S. was 47 years. 
      Only 14 percent of the homes in the U.S. had a bathtub. 
      Only 8 percent of the homes had a telephone. 
      A three-minute call from Denver to New York City cost eleven 
      There were only 8,000 cars in the U.S. , and only 144 miles 
      of paved roads. 
      The maximum speed limit in most cities was 10 mph. 
      Alabama, Mississippi, Iowa, and Tennessee were each more 
      heavily populated than California . 
      With a mere 1.4 million people, California was only the 21st 
      most populous state in the Union . 
      The tallest structure in the world was the Eiffel Tower! 
      The average wage in the U.S. was 22 cents per hour. 
      The average U.S. worker made between  $200 and $400 per year 
      A competent accountant could expect to earn $2000 per year, 
      a dentist $2,500 per year, a veterinarian between $1,500 and 
      $4,000 per year, and a mechanical engineer about $5,000 per year. 
      More than 95 percent of all births in the U.S. took place at 
      Ninety percent of all U.S. doctors had no  college education. 
      Instead, they attended so-called medical schools, many of 
      which were condemned in the press and by the government as  
      Sugar cost four cents a pound. 
      Eggs were fourteen cents a dozen. 
      Coffee was fifteen cents a pound. 
      Most women only washed their hair once a month, and used 
      borax or egg yolks for shampoo. 
      Canada passed a law that prohibited poor people from 
      entering into their country for any reason. 
      Five leading causes of death in the U.S. were: 
                1. Pneumonia and influenza 
                2. Tuberculosis 
            3. Diarrhea 
                4. Heart disease 
                5. Stroke 
      The American flag had 45 stars. 
      Arizona, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Hawaii, and Alaska hadn't 
      been admitted to the Union yet. 
      The population of Las Vegas , Nevada , was only 30!!! 
      Crossword puzzles, canned beer, and ice tea hadn't been 
      invented yet. 
      There was no Mother's Day or Father's Day. 
      Two out of every 10 U.S. adults couldn't read or write. 
      Only 6 percent of all Americans had graduated from high school. 
      Marijuana, heroin, and morphine were all available over the 
      counter at the local corner drugstores. 
      Back then the pharmacist said, "Heroin clears the complexion, 
      gives buoyancy to the mind, regulates the stomach and bowels, 
      and is, in fact, a perfect guardian of health."  (Shocking!) 
      Eighteen percent of households in the U.S. had at least one 
      full-time servant or domestic help. 
      There were about 230 reported murders in the entire U.S. 
      And I forwarded this from someone else without typing it 
      myself, and sent it to you in a matter of seconds! 
     Try to imagine what it may be like in another 100 years.
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