Redrawn by a Republican legislative majority in the Texas Legislature after 2003 to remove 100,000 Hispanic voters in Laredo, the new 23rd U.S. House of Representatives District in Texas was described during oral argument in a case challenging the Republican gerrymander before the U.S. Supremne Court by Justice Anthony Kennedy as "a serious Shaw violation," a reference to the landmark 1993 case Shaw v. Reno.
On June 28, 2006, the Supreme Court in, League of United Latin American Citizens et al. v. Perry, Governor of Texas, et al., ruled that this district violated the Voting Rights Act, and consequently, has been sent down to the lower courts for remediation. see Key SCOTUS decisions. On August 4, a three judge Federal panel partially redrew the Texas U.S. House district map by adding parts of Bexar County, which includes San Antonio, to the 23rd District, moving Kerr, Kendall, Bandera and Real Counties into the 21st District, represented by Lamar Smith of San Antonio, a Republican and adding Webb County in the 28th District. "These changes restore Latino voting strength to District 23 without dividing communities of interest," said the judges, Lee H. Rosenthal, T. John Ward and Patrick E. Higginbotham of Federal District Court. Rosenthal and Higginbotham were appointed by Republican presidents while Ward was appointed by Democratic President Bill Clinton. Source: n.a. "Judges Redo Texas District, and Democrats May Gain." Associated Press August 4, 2006 and New York Times. August 5, 2006. UPDATED MAP HERE. ()
Stretching from the outskirts of El Paso to the southern environs of San Antonio, and taking in nearly everything in between, this is Texas' least densly-populated district, and the largest in land area. Big Bend National Park is located within the district in Brewster County.
This district is represented by Ciro D. Rodriguez (D).
2006 special runoff election
2006 special primary election
- Henry Bonilla (R): 60,147 49% (cw)
- Ciro Rodriguez (D): 24,593 20% cw
- Albert Uresti (D): 14,529 12% cw
- Lukin T. Gilliland, Jr. (D): 13,725 11% cw
- August Garza "Augie" Beltran (D): 2,650 2% cw
- Rick Bolaños (D): 2,563 2% cw
- Adrian DeLeon (D): 2,198 2% cw
- Craig T. Stephens (I): 3,344 3% cw
- Note: Per the Federal Court order referred to above, there will be a runoff election. Bonilla could lose, depending on voter turnout at a special election.
- Henry Bonilla, incumbent, (R): 170,716; 69.25%
- Joe Sullivan (D): 72,480; 29.40%
- Nazirite "Comrade" Perez (L): 3,307; 1.34%
- Henry Bonilla, incumbent, (R): 77,573; 51.52%
- Henry Cuellar (D): 71,067; 47.20%
- Jeffrey C. Blunt (L): 1,106; 0.73%
- Ed Scharf (G): 806; 0.53%
Note: Texas redrew its districts after the 2000 census, for the 108th Congress and again in 2003 for the 109th Congress (see 2003 Texas redistricting). This list and map reflect the most recent (109th Congress) redistricting.
- Texas U.S. House election, 2006
- U.S. House election, 2006
- List of United States Congressional districts
- List of Members of the U.S. House
- Richard Raymond
- Daily Kos => TX-23