House Judiciary Committee
|House Judiciary Committee|
|Members, 109th Congress|
U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary, or (more commonly) the House Judiciary Committee, is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives. It is charged with overseeing the administration of justice within the Federal Courts, administrative agencies and Federal law enforcement entities. The Senate version of the committee's most public role involves the approval process of the President's nominees to the Federal benches, including the United States Supreme Court. The Judiciary Committee is also the committee responsible for impeachments of federal officials, and approved articles of impeachment against Andrew Johnson in 1868, Richard Nixon in 1974, and Bill Clinton in 1998. The current chairmen of the committee is Republican Jim Sensenbrenner of Wisconsin, and the ranking minority member is Democrat John Conyers of Michigan.
The committee was created on June 3 1813 for the purpose of considering legislation related to the judicial system. Because of the legal nature of its oversight, committee members usually have a legal background, but it is not required.
Rule X of The Rules of the House of Representatives, 109th Congress, identifies the jurisdiction of the The House Committee on the Judiciary as follows:
- The judiciary and judicial proceedings, civil and criminal.
- Administrative practice and procedure.
- Apportionment of Representatives.
- Bankruptcy, mutiny, espionage, and counterfeiting.
- Civil liberties.
- Constitutional amendments.
- Criminal law enforcement.
- Federal courts and judges, and local courts in the Territories and possessions.
- Immigration policy and non-border enforcement.
- Interstate compacts generally.
- Claims against the United States.
- Members of Congress, attendance of members, Delegates, and the Resident Commissioner; and their acceptance of incompatible offices.
- National penitentiaries.
- Patents, the Patent and Trademark Office, copyrights, and trademarks.
- Presidential succession.
- Protection of trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies.
- Revision and codification of the Statutes of the United States.
- State and territorial boundary lines.
- Subversive activities affecting the internal security of the United States.
Dave Lindorff accuses Pelosi of "unconscionable strong-arm tactics to keep impeachment 'off the table' in the 110th Congress" and of silencing House Judiciary Committee Chair John Conyers on the question.
- U.S. House Judiciary Subcommittee on Commercial and Administrative Law
- U.S. House Judiciary Subcommittee on Courts, the Internet, and Intellectual Property
- U.S. House Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security
- House Subcommittee on Immigration, Border Security, and Claims
- U.S. House Judiciary Subcommittee on the Constitution
Legislative Activity of the Committee
[note that the vast majority of proposed legislation never leaves committees or is acted on by the full House; even fewer proposed bills become law]
This table links to the pages on the GovTrack.us website where you will find the bill's sponsor(s), cosponsor(s) and current status, a link to a text or pdf version of the bill, a summary of the bill, related votes and other information. You may also find similar information from the original source at the Library of Congress's THOMAS website.
|H.R. 6328||Congressional Commission on the Abolition of Modern-Day Slavery Act||Introduced; also ref’d to Ways & Means and International Relations||11/15/2006|
|H.R. 6336||To amend title 4, United States Code, with respect to the flying of the National flag at half-staff pursuant to the order of a Governor of a State, territory, or possession.||Introduced||11/15/2006|
|H.R. 6332||Sandra Day O?Connor and William H. Rehnquist Law Centers Establishment Act of 2006||Introduced; also ref’d to Education & the Workforce||11/15/2006|
|H.Res. 1082||Condemning the decision by the city of St. Denis, France, to name a street in honor of Mumia Abu-Jamal, the convicted murderer of Philadelphia Police Officer Danny Faulkner.||Introduced; also ref’d to International Relations||11/14/2006|
|H.R. 6322||Accurate Crime Trends for Schools Act||Introduced||11/14/2006|
|S 3880||Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act||Passed Senate, Passed House||11/13/2006|
|H.R. 6315||Student Privacy Protection Act of 2006||Introduced; also ref’d to Education & the Workforce||11/13/2006|
|H.R. 6320||To create an additional judgeship for the eastern district of California, and for other purposes.||Introduced||11/13/2006|
- H.R. 1201-110 — To amend title 17, United States Code, to promote innovation, to encourage the introduction of new technology, to enhance library preservation efforts, and to protect the fair use rights of consumers, and for other purposes.
- March 19, 2007: Referred to House subcommittee. Status: Referred to the Subcommittee on Courts, the Internet, and Intellectual Property.
Chairmen of the House Committee on the Judiciary, 1813-present
- Charles J. Ingersoll (R-PA) 1813-1815
- Hugh Nelson (R-VA) 1815-1819
- John Sergeant (R-PA) 1819-1822
- Hugh Nelson (R-VA) 1822-1823
- Daniel Webster (F-MA) 1823-1827
- Philip P. Barbour (D-VA) 1827-1829
- James Buchanan (D-PA) 1829-1831
- Warren R. Davis (D-SC) 1831-1833
- Thomas F. Foster (W-GA) 1833-1835
- Samuel Beardsley (D-NY) 1835-1836
- Francis Thomas (D-MD) 1836-1839
- John Sergeant (W-PA) 1839-1841
- Daniel D. Barnard (W-NY) 1841-1843
- William Wilkins (D-PA) 1843-1844
- Romulus M. Saunders (D-NC) 1844-1845
- George O. Rathbun (D-NY) 1845-1847
- Joseph R. Ingersoll (W-PA) 1847-1849
- James Thompson (D-PA) 1849-1851
- James X. McLanahan (D-PA) 1851-1853
- Frederick P. Stanton (D-TN) 1853-1855
- George A. Simmons (W/R-NY) 1855-1857
- George S. Houston (D-AL) 1857-1859
- John Hickman (R-PA) 1859-1863
- James F. Wilson (R-IA) 1863-1869
- John A. Bingham (R-OH) 1869-1873
- Benjamin F. Butler (R-MA) 1873-1875
- James P. Knott (D-KY) 1875-1881
- Thomas B. Reed (R-ME) 1881-1883
- John R. Tucker (D-VA) 1883-1887
- David B. Culberson (D-TX) 1887-1889
- Ezra B. Taylor (R-OH) 1889-1891
- David B. Culberson (D-TX) 1891-1895
- David B. Henderson (R-IA) 1895-1899
- George W. Ray (R-NY) 1899-1903
- John J. Jenkins (R-WI) 1903-1909
- Richard W. Parker (R-NJ) 1909-1911
- Henry De Lamar Clayton (D-AL) 1911-1914
- Edwin Y. Webb (D-NC) 1914-1919
- Andrew J. Volstead (R-MN) 1919-1923
- George S. Graham (R-PA) 1923-1931
- Hatton W. Sumners (D-TX) 1931-1947
- Earl C. Michener (R-MI) 1947-1949
- Emmanuel Celler (D-NY) 1949-1953
- Chauncey W. Reed (R-IL) 1953-1955
- Emmanuel Celler (D-NY) 1955-1973
- Peter W. Rodino, Jr. (D-NJ) 1973-1989
- Jack Brooks (D-TX) 1989-1995
- Henry J. Hyde (R-IL) 1995-2001
- F. James Sensenbrenner, Jr. (R-WI) 2001-
- This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary"
- The Congresspedia page on the House Committee on the Judiciary.
|House Judiciary Committee Subcommittees:|
Commercial & Administrative Law • Constitution • Courts, the Internet, & Intellectual Property • Crime, Terrorism, & Homeland Security • Immigration, Citizenship, Refugees, Border Security, & International Law