- Repression: excluding disturbing ideas (wishes, fantasies or feelings) from one's consciousness and attempting to subdue them in the subconscious.
- Disavowal: disbelieving a memory or percertion.
- Projection: attributing some aspect of oneself onto other persons.
- Introjection: attributing some aspect of other persons to oneself.
- Isolation: stripping affect from thought.
- Displacement: redirecting disturbing emotions from their proper object to a proxy object.
- Retroflection: redirecting emotions from their proper object to oneself.
- Reaction-formation: expressing an emotion or idea as its opposite.
- Negation: believing incorrectly that one does not have a particular thought.
- Rationalization: attributing mental states to false reasons.
- Acting Out: acting to preempt conscious awareness of a painful or disturbing idea.