Arkansas

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State Facts

  • Abbreviation: AR, Ark.
  • Admitted to the Union: June 15, 1836 (25th)
  • Population (2000): 2,673,400 (33)
  • Population (2008): 2,855,390 (32) (+ 6.81%)
  • Capital: Little Rock
  • Largest City: Little Rock
  • State Bird: Mockingbird
  • State Flower: Apple Blossom
  • State Nicknames: The Natural State, The Land of Opportunity, The Razorback State
  • State Motto: Regnant Populus (The People Rule)

Largest Cities

  • Little Rock (187,452)
  • Fort Smith (84,375)
  • Fayetteville (72,208)
  • Springdale (66,881)
  • Jonesboro (63,190)
  • North Little Rock (59,400)
  • Conway (57,006)
  • Rogers (54,959)
  • Pine Bluff (50,667)
  • Hot Springs (39,064)

Racial Composition

  • Caucasian/White: 2,205,950 (78.6%)
  • African American/Black: 436,848 (15.6%)
  • Hispanic/Latino: 138,936 (5.0%)
  • Some Other Race: 65,361 (2.3%)
  • Two or More Races: 44,196 (1.6%)
  • Asian: 29,647 (1.1%)
  • Native American: 263,496 (0.7%)
  • Pacific Islander: 3,115 (0.1%)

Introduction


The 2000 census was 2,673,400.

Arkansas became the 25th state on June 15, 1836. Arkansas seceded from the Union on May 6, 1861 during the American Civil War. Under the Military Reconstruction Act, Congress, by June 1868, had readmitted Arkansas, as well as North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Georgia, Alabama and Florida. Arkansas is the only state with an official pronunciation ("arkanSAW")

Arkansas has brought us Bill Clinton, Wesley Clark, William Fulbright, Walmart, and a Governor who tried to defy the Courts to stop school segregation in Little Rock in one of the most dramatic moments of the Civil Rights movement. Another governor, Jim Guy Tucker, a Democrat who took over the top slot when Clinton was elected President of the United States, was convicted in 1996 on mail fraud charges stemming from the Whitewater scandal. Tucker refused to leave office, leading to a "Constitutional crisis", since a convicted criminal cannot govern the state. Lt. governor Mike Huckabee took over, and was elected in 1998 and again by a tight margin in 2002.

Arkansas is one of the few Southern states in the latter half of the 20th century to buck the trend of Republicanization. Democrats control the state legislature by strong margins. Democrats have controlled 2 of Arkansas' 4 Congressional districts for some time, and picked up a 3rd in 2000. In 2002, Democrat Mark Pryor unseated Senator Tim Hutchison, making Pryor the only Democrat to win a Republican seat in 2002, and the only Southerner to flip a Republican Congressional seat in a number of years. 1st-term Democratic senator Blanche Lincoln is popular enough that Huckabee and all other major challengers declinded to run against her in her 2004 campaign, thus giving her a surprisingly easy path to reelection.

Arkansas supported favorite son Bill Clinton in 1992 and 1996, but went to George W. Bush by a strong margin in 2000. Arkansas was a swing state in the 2004 elections; polling shows the state virtually tied. Aside from the top of the ticket, the only seat seriously contested is 2nd district Democrat Vic Snyder's.

Arkansas Congressional Delegation


Arkansas State Government

Arkansas Cities & Counties

Elections

Past Governors of the State of Arkansas since the 50’s

  • Sidney Sanders McMath (Democrat) 1949-1953
  • Francis Cherry (Democrat) 1953-1955
  • Orval Faubus (Democrat) 1955-1967
  • Winthrop Rockefeller (Republican) 1967-1971
  • Dale Bumpers (Democrat) 1971-1975
  • Bob C. Riley (Democrat, acting) 1975
  • David Pryor (Democrat) 1975-1979
  • Joe Purcell (Democrat, acting) 1979
  • Bill Clinton (Democrat) 1979-1981
  • Frank D. White (Republican) 1981-1983
  • Bill Clinton (Democrat) 1983-1992
  • Jim Guy Tucker (Democrat) 1992-1996
  • Mike Huckabee (Republican) 1996-present


Arkansas News, Etc

Political Blogs

Links

See also

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