Also known as "natural rights". America is sometimes known as the first natural rights republic because of the ideals expressed in the declaration of independence. America also played a key role in the writing and approval of the UN's Universal Declaration of Human Rights, of which former First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt took leadership.
There is much dispute among supporters of inalienable human rights, over whether these include "positive rights" such as the right to a decent standard of living or whether they should be restricted to "negative rights" such as the right to speak and assemble without interference.
Torture is unequivocally a human rights violation, perhaps the quintessential violation.